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New report: From petrol station to multifuel energy station: Changes in fire and explosion safety

The goal of this study is to survey how the transition from traditional petrol stations to multifuel energy stations affects the fire and explosion risk. The study is conducted on behalf of the Norwegian Directorate for Civil Protection (DSB).

A multifuel energy station is a publicly available station which offers refueling of traditional fossil fuels in combination with one or more alternative energy carriers, such as hydrogen or electric power to electric vehicles.

Three main focus areas have been chosen in this study:

-          Power for electric vehicles

-          Gaseous hydrogen

-          Hydrogen and methane in liquid form.

In facilities that handle flammable, self-reactive, pressurized and explosive substances there is a risk of unwanted incidents. When new energy carriers are added, it is central to understand how the transition from a traditional petrol station to a multifuel energy station will change the fire and explosion risk.

Factors that will have an impact include: number and type of ignition sources, number of passenger vehicles and heavy transport vehicles at the station, amount of flammable substances, duration of stay for visitors, complexity of the facility, size of the safety distances, fire service’s extinguishing efforts, environmental impact, maintenance need etc. In addition, each energy carrier entails unique scenarios, that are presented in detail in the report.

The report is currently being translated to Englis.h. A translated version of the report will be published.


Full report in Norwegian with English summary (pdf)

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